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Likewise, data associated with the effects of gun control laws in various geographical areas represent random, demographically diverse places in which such data is available.
Many aspects of the gun control issue are best measured and sometimes can only be measured through surveys, but the accuracy of such surveys depends upon respondents providing truthful answers to questions that are sometimes controversial and potentially incriminating. Thus, Just Facts uses this data critically, citing the best-designed surveys we find, detailing their inner workings in our footnotes, and using the most cautious plausible interpretations of the results.
Some, such as Connecticut, effectively act as shall-issue states, while others, such as New Jersey, effectively act as no-issue states. * Under a court order that required Illinois to allow public possession of firearms, the state passed a law in 2013 that permits concealed carrying of handguns.
Before this, Illinois was the only state that did not have a may-issue or shall-issue concealed carry law.  † Rhode Island is considered a “hybrid” state, because the law states that local authorities “shall issue …
a license or permit” to carry a concealed weapon, but the law also states that the attorney general “may” do so.  In practice, the Attorney General is the primary issuer of permits. * Click here to see why the following commonly cited statistic does not meet Just Facts’ Standards of Credibility: In right-to-carry states, the violent crime rate is 24% lower than the rest of the U.
This excludes all “military service, police work, or work as a security guard.” * Based on survey data from the U. Department of Justice, roughly 5.9 million violent crimes were committed in the United States during 2014.  These include simple/aggravated assaults, robberies, sexual assaults, rapes, and murders. Of these, about 600,000 or 10% were committed by offenders visibly armed with a gun. * A 1993 nationwide survey of 4,977 households found that over the previous five years, at least 3.5% of households had members who had used a gun “for self-protection or for the protection of property at home, work, or elsewhere.” This amounted to 1,029,615 such incidents per year.
This law also required that firearm certificates specify the identification numbers (“if known”) of all firearms and shotguns owned by the applicant. * In 1997, Britain passed a law requiring civilians to surrender almost all privately owned handguns to the police.
More than 162,000 handguns and 1.5 million pounds of ammunition were “compulsorily surrendered” by February 1998.
Of these, approximately 1.2 million or 0.6% were denied. * States may prosecute cases that the federal government does not.
In 2010, Pennsylvania convicted more than 100 individuals for state law violations arising out of firearm background check denials. * If an FBI background check takes longer than three days, the gun sale is approved by default. This is how Dylann Roof, the killer of nine people at a black church in South Carolina in 2015, was able to buy a gun despite having a police record that included drug possession. * In 2010, the FBI referred 2,000 to 3,000 cases of post-gun sale denials to the U. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) for further action. The ATF retrieved guns in 1,157 cases. * According to a 2014 Government Accountability Office report, the ATF “does not have information readily available to systematically track the timeliness and outcomes—such as if a firearm is retrieved—of delayed denial investigations.” The Department prioritizes prosecuting prohibited persons who actually obtain guns—people who have gotten around the background check system and acquired weapons—illegally rather than those who attempted to purchase a firearm through the background check system but were unsuccessful. * According to federal agents interviewed in a 2004 U. Justice Department investigation, the “vast majority” of denials under the federal background check system are issued to people who are not “a danger to the public because the prohibiting factors are often minor or based on incidents that occurred many years in the past.” As examples of such, agents stated that denials have been issued for: * Between February 2004 and December 2014, 2,233 firearm and three explosives background checks for people on terrorist watch lists were processed through the federal background check system.Particularly, when statistics are involved, the determination of what constitutes a credible fact (and what does not) can contain elements of personal subjectivity.It is our mission to minimize subjective information and to provide highly factual content.This excludes all “military service, police work, or work as a security guard.” * A 1994 survey conducted by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that Americans use guns to frighten away intruders who are breaking into their homes about 498,000 times per year. * In 2013, President Obama ordered the Department of Health and Human Services and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to “conduct or sponsor research into the causes of gun violence and the ways to prevent it.” In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention asked the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council to “convene a committee of experts to develop a potential research agenda focusing on the public health aspects of firearm-related violence….” This committee studied the issue of defensive gun use and reported: * Click here to see why the following commonly cited statistic does not meet Just Facts’ Standards of Credibility: “In homes with guns, the homicide of a household member is almost 3 times more likely to occur than in homes without guns.” * A 1997 survey of more than 18,000 prison inmates found that among those serving time for a violent crime, “30% of State offenders and 35% of Federal offenders carried a firearm when committing the crime.” * A 2013 study of more than 18,000 prison inmates found that in 2004, about “16% of state prison inmates and 18% of federal inmates” reported having a firearm during the commission of the crime for which they were incarcerated. * Nationwide in 2014, law enforcement agencies reported that 56% of aggravated assaults, 30% of robberies, 39% of rapes, and 65% of murders that were reported to police resulted in an alleged offender being identified and acted upon by the criminal justice system.  * For every 15 aggravated assaults, robberies, sexual assaults, rapes, and murders committed in the United States in 2006, approximately one person was sentenced to prison for committing such a crime.   * In 1976, the Washington, D. City Council passed a law generally prohibiting residents from possessing handguns and requiring that all firearms in private homes be (1) kept unloaded and (2) rendered temporally inoperable via disassembly or installation of a trigger lock. 24, 1976.  * In 1920, Britain passed a law requiring civilians to obtain a certificate from their district police chief in order to purchase or possess any firearm except a shotgun.