To the Ephesian mint, during the occupation of the city by Memnon the Rhodian, B.
Great king as archer, in kneeling, or rather running, posture, rev.
With a very few excep- tions the remainder can only be generally classed to the western coast of Asia Minor, where nearly all the extant specimens have been found.
Some few pieces may, however, have been struck in Thrace or Thasos, and possibly in Aegina, but these are exceptional.  As the current value of electrum seems to have stood in the earliest times as 1 to 10 in relation to silver, the weight of the electrum stater in each district would naturally be regulated by the standard used for weighing silver in that district.
[British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Ionia, by B. Head, 1892; Babelon, Trait des Monnaies grecques et romaines, ii. Gold and silver, which from time immemorial had been the universal media of exchange, had no real need of such warrants.
The old city of Colophon was situated about twenty miles north-west of Ephesus, and some miles from the coast. She is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the extremities.
414 sqq.) would also attribute the satrapal tetradrachms and bronze coins with Persian types—obv.
The occurrence of the Ionian form of the name Pythagoras, coupled with the fact that the bronze coins (B. But, on the other hand, the Indian provenance of most of the tetra- drachms (Num. 5) makes it doubtful whether these coins, of purely Persian types, may not have been issued by Ionians in one of The eastern satrapies of the Persian empire shortly after Alexander's death; for, from the edicts of Asoka (circ.
An electrum stater would thus be readily exchangeable for ten silver pieces of its own weight. 15.] The motives of the two last described coins are remarkable; that of the stater resembles the Lion-gate of Mycenae and some early Phrygian monuments of the ninth and eighth centuries B.
Electrum coins are known of the following maximum weights: Euboc, 269 grs. (stater); Babylonic, 167 grs.; Phocac, 254- 248 grs.; Phoenician, 220-215 grs.; Aeginetic (? Halves, Thirds, Sixths, Twelfths, Twenty-fourths, Forty-eighths, and even Ninety-sixths, of the stater are also met with, but the Hecte or Sixth was the denomination which was in most common use. Clazomenae is there- fore classed among the cities which took part in the early electrum currency of the sixth century B. »M'berg »WW »SNG B »ANS During the century which began with the Ionian revolt, and which comprised the Athenian Hegemony, B. 469-387, the date of the Peace of Antalcidas, the Phoenician standard seems to have been replaced by the Attic:— This period extends from the Peace of Antalcidas to the battle of Ipsus. 276) which are said to abound in the Delta of the Hermus. Their attribution to Clazomenae is, however, uncertain, see infra, p. For coins bearing the name of Orontas, with the forepart of a winged horse on the reverse, see infra, p. During the whole of the third-century Alexandrine, Lysimachian, and Seleucid silver money superseded for the most part the autonomous local issues of former times. It is, however, far more probable that is not an epithet of Artemis, but the name, in the genitive case, of some prominent citizen of Ephesus, it may be of a despot, or of a magistrate, or of a member of one of the wealthy Ephesian families of bankers and money-lenders (see Babelon, Trait, l. Among other early electrum coins of Ephesus are the following Thirds, Sixths, and Twelfths of the stater:— To the period between the Ionian revolt and the sack of Miletus, B. The distinctive badge of the city appears from the later inscribed coins to have been a winged boar; cf. Hence numerous coins of this type, though without inscrip- tions, are presumed to be of Clazomenian origin. The autonomous silver coinage of Clazomenae does not extend beyond the battle of Ipsus, and the victory of Seleucus and Lysimachus over Antigonus and Demetrius. The doubtful word in the genitive case , has been differently explained. Such an interpretation of the inscription would imply that the coin was a hierarchical issue from the temple treasury. This, of course, is only a conjecture, but it is remarkable that, at both cities, the Alexan- drine tetradrachms of Mller’s Class V merge into those of Class VI (Mller, Nos.